(3) EU Integration Republic of Serbia

serbia

Membership status

Candidate country

Background:

Serbia – along with 5 other Western Balkans countries – was identified as a potential candidate for EU membership during the Thessaloniki European Council summit in 2003. In 2008, aEuropean partnership for Serbiawas adopted, setting out priorities for the country's membership application, and in 2009 Serbia formally applied. In March 2012 Serbia was granted EU candidate status. In September 2013 aStabilisation and Association Agreementbetween the EU and Serbia entered into force.

In line with the decision of the European Council in June 2013 to open accession negotiations with Serbia, the Council adopted in December 2013the negotiating frameworkand agreed to hold the 1st Intergovernmental Conference with Serbia in January 2014.

On 21 January 2014,the 1st Intergovernmental Conferencetook place, signaling the formal start of Serbia's accession negotiations.

More information on the country's relations with the EU

Documents:

EU approves additional €17 million to help Serbia and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia cope with refugee influx

Evaluation of Western Balkans Investment Framework (WBIF) - Final Evaluation Report

Evaluation of Western Balkans Investment Framework (WBIF) - Executive Summary (FR)

Serbia Report 2015

Overview of parliamentary capacity building in EU candidate countries and potential candidates

Mapping and analysis of international parliamentary institutions and parliamentary networks in the Western Balkans and South East Europe

2014 Progress report for Serbia

Indicative Strategy Paper for Serbia (2014-2020)

Screening report Serbia - Chapter 23 - Judiciary and fundamental rights

Screening report Serbia - Chapter 24 - Justice, Freedom and Security

Screening report Serbia - Chapter 32 - Financial control

Thematic Evaluation of EU's Support to Refugees in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia

Second Interim Evaluation of EU IPA assistance in Serbia

2013 Progress report for Serbia

First Interim Evaluation of EU IPA Pre-accession Assistance to Serbia

Joint Report on Serbia's progress April 2013

Thematic Evaluation of Rule of Law, Judicial Reform and Fight against Corruption and Organised Crime in the Western Balkans – Lot 3

2012 Progress report for Serbia

Serbia European Partnership 2008

Regulation on implementing rules for EU external action 

EU regulation 1085/2006 establishing the IPA

IPA implementing regulation 2006

EU regulation 80/2010 amending regulation 718/2007

Council conclusions on granting Serbia candidate status

Opinion on Serbia's application for membership of the EU

IPA National programme Serbia 2011

IPA National programme Serbia 2010

Multi-Annual indicative planning document (MIPD) Serbia 2011 - 2013

Commission proposal for a revised Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA)

Regulation on implementing rules for EU external action

EU regulation 1085/2006 establishing the IPA

Thematic evaluation of EU's support to civil society in the Western Balkans

Interim Evaluation of Cross-Border Programmes between Candidate/Potential Candidate Country - Report I - Governance Structures

Interim Evaluation of Cross-Border Programmes between Candidate/Potential Candidate Country - Report II - Performance of the assistance

Commission proposal for a revised Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA)

2012-13 Multi-annual Indicative Financial Framework

Opinion on Serbia's application for membership of the EU

IPA National programme Serbia 2011

Multi-Annual indicative planning document (MIPD) Serbia 2011 - 2013

2010 Progress report for Serbia

IPA National programme Serbia 2010

Evaluation of the CARDS Programmes in Serbia (September 2009)

Serbia Multi-annual indicative planning document 2009 - 2011

Ad-hoc evaluation of the CARDS regional programmes in the Western Balkans (December 2008)

Serbia Multi-annual indicative planning document 2008 - 2010

Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) with Serbia

Stabilisation and association agreement with Serbia

Interim agreement on trade and trade-related matters between the European Community and the Republic of Serbia

CARDS Regional programme 2006 (Amended) 

CARDS Regional programme 2006 

CARDS Regional programme 2005 (Amended) 

CARDS Regional programme 2003 (Amended) 

Serbia Multi-annual indicative planning document 2007 - 2009

CARDS State Union of Serbia and Montenegro Annual Programme 2005 

CARDS Serbia Annual Programme 2005

CARDS Regional programme 2003

Regional Strategy Paper 2002-2006 

Serbia and Montenegro - Country Strategy Paper 2002-2006 

CARDS Serbia Annual Programme 2004 

CARDS Serbia Annual Programme 2003 

CARDS Serbia Annual Programme 2002 

CARDS Serbia Initial Support programme 2001 

CARDS Serbia Additional Support programme 2001 

CARDS Regional programme 2005 

CARDS Regional programme 2004 

CARDS Regional programme 2002 

CARDS Regional programme 2001 

Serbia and Montenegro CARDS Multi-annual Indicative Programme 2005-2006 

Public services receive upgrade 

Training in gender equality 

Reforms to Montenegro’s statistical office

“Learn to earn”: training the jobless 

New centres help enterprise development 

Revitalising Serbia’s health system 

En route for a faster crossing 

Loans spur on small business growth in Serbia 

Building the capacity to govern 

Available documents:

Info-graphics: Rule of Law

Enlargement of the European Union

Building bridges between people

Factsheet: Promoting regional cooperation

Growing together: enlargement – a positive sum game

Growing together: enlargement – a key ingredient of the EU "peace project"

Growing together: enlargement – free movement of people

Growing together: enlargement helps improve quality of life

Growing together: the EU on the global scene

Factsheet: consumer protection and public health

Info-graphics: Connectivity - creating links and building networks for business and people

Core Network Corridors of the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T)

WBIF project: Intermodal Terminal in Belgrade, Serbia

WBIF project: Trans-Balkan Electricity Corridor

WBIF project: Mediterranean Corridor

WBIF project: the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – Kosovo* – Serbia Rail Interconnection

WBIF project: Trans-Balkan Electricity Corridor (I): Grid Section in Montenegro

2013 Annual Report on Financial Assistance for Enlargement 

2012 Annual Report on Financial Assistance for Enlargement

2011 Annual Report on Financial Assistance for Enlargement

Info-graphics: Public Administration

Info-graphics: Democratic Institutions

Info-graphics: Economic Governance

Info-graphics: Fundamental Rights

Info-graphics: Regional Cooperation

Info-graphics: Rule of Law

Enlargement of the European Union

Building bridges between people

Factsheet: Promoting regional cooperation

Growing together: enlargement – a positive sum game

Growing together: enlargement – a key ingredient of the EU "peace project"

Growing together: enlargement – free movement of people

Growing together: enlargement helps improve quality of life

Growing together: the EU on the global scene

Factsheet: consumer protection and public health

Consumer protection and public health

Factsheet: Roma in Southeast Europe

Cultural heritage and EU Enlargement

Factsheet: Protecting cultural heritage

Factsheet: the fight against corruption

The fight against corruption

Factsheet: Energy, climate change and environmental protection

The energy for improvements - To everyone's environment

Speaking Out: the EU supports freedom of expression in Enlargement countries

Safeguarding freedom of expression and the media

Factsheet: Supporting the development of civil society

EU Enlargement: it's people that make the difference

Factsheet: how does the accession process work? 

EU Enlargement: a careful approach. How does the accession process work?

The EU: What would it mean for me? (2012)

Understanding enlargement (2011)

Enlargement Factsheet (2010)

"Accession of the Western Balkans to the EU: Evaluating a process" (May 2010)

Introducing the Western Balkans Investment Framework (2010)

IPA "A new focus to EU assistance for enlargement (2009)

Stabilisation and Integration Perspectives for the Western Balkans (April 2009)

Good to know about EU Enlargement (2009)

Studying in Europe (2008)

Regional cooperation in the western Balkans (2006)

Enlarging the European Union: from 15 to 25, what does it mean for us? (2004)

European Union Enlargement - An historic opportunity (2003)

EU support for Roma communities in Central and Eastern Europe (2003)

Twinning (2003)

Free movement of persons / Pratical guide for an enlarged EU (May 2003) 

European Union Enlargement - An historic opportunity (2002)

Links:

Serbia - EU Factograph

"Time to accelerate", article by Commissioner Füle

EU Delegation in Serbia

EU solidarity with Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia

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(2) EU Integration of Republic of Serbia

serbia

Democratic Party of Serbia: Principled disagreement with the EU

The Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS) is a conservative, centre-right party whose key principles include support to the Serbian Orthodox Church, preservation of traditional moral values, protection of national identity, strengthening of national cultural institutions and protection of the Cyrillic script (DSS 2010a). This party expressed a complex attitude towards the EU and Serbian EU membership. On the one hand, it demonstrated mistrust of the West, primarily the United States of America, and particularly contested the legitimacy of the ICTY. On the other hand, the party supported Serbian EU accession and significantly contributed to this process while it was in power. However, recognition of Kosovo’s independence by a large majority of EU Member States fundamentally affected party attitudes, and since 2008 it has argued for stopping further integration into the EU. The party position may be termed Soft Eurosceptic, since it has never objected to the EU, while as a consequence of principled disagreement with the position of key EU Member States on the issue of the status of Kosovo, it strongly objected to Serbian EU membership.

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(1) EU Integration Republic of Serbia

serbia

Suspicion and skepticism towards Europe and the West in general have been a constant feature of a considerable part of Serbian society and politics over the last two decades. Such sentiments particularly flourished at the time of nationalistic euphoria and the wars that raged across the former Yugoslavia throughout the 1990s. While in other Central and Eastern European states ‘returning to Europe’ was a key foreign policy objective and a common theme as a symbol of democracy and prosperity, the leading Serbian parties at that time - the Socialist Party of Serbia and the Serbian Radical Party - were Eurosceptic and nationalist, and their political agenda had nothing to do with potential Serbian accession into the EU. However, in the period after 2000, the political scene in Serbia has experienced a fundamental transformation of a type that is rarely seen in countries with a longer tradition of democratic institutions and multi-party political systems. Some of the hardest nationalists have become vocal advocates of Serbian membership of the EU, while at the same time some of the democratic parties that overthrew Milošević’s regime have turned into key opponents of further Serbian EU accession.

This chapter examines the causes and consequences of the pronounced Eurosceptic sentiments among Serbian political elites. It aims to demonstrate how the question of European integration as a salient political issue has shaped a party system, as well as how it has been used by Eurosceptic parties in their policies and rhetoric since 2000. It also examines whether party ideology or strategy is a key driver of their positions on Europe. In order to capture peculiar features of Serbian party-based Euroscepticism, this analysis employs a framework that draws on and combines the two most widely used theoretical concepts. It examines party attitudes towards Europe, conceptualized as positions on the EU and positions on Serbian EU membership, and classifies parties into four distinct categories: Hard Eurosceptics and Hard Euro enthusiasts as well as Soft Eurosceptics and Soft Euro enthusiasts. The empirical focus of the text is on the Hard Eurosceptic Serbian Radical Party and the Soft Democratic Party of Serbia, and a group of Soft Euro enthusiastic parties - the Serbian Progressive Party, the Socialist Party of Serbia and the New Serbia.

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